Thursday, June 30, 2011

Mongo Java QueryBuilder Example

QueryBuilder helps construct complex queries to retrieve data from a collection in mongo db.

Following is an example of a QueryBuilder.

public List<Map<String, Object>> findList() { 
        List<Map<String, Object>> list = new ArrayList<Map<String, Object>>();
        BasicDBObject document = new BasicDBObject();
        Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();
        Date now = cal.getTime();
        QueryBuilder qb = new QueryBuilder();
        qb.or(new QueryBuilder().put("starting_date").is(null).put("ending_date").is(null).get(),
                new QueryBuilder().put("starting_date").lessThanEquals(now).put("ending_date").greaterThanEquals(now).get());
        document.put("status", "running");
        DBCursor cursor = getDbCollection().find(document).sort(new BasicDBObject("reported_time", 1));
        while(cursor.hasNext()) {
            list.add((Map<String, Object>)"message"));
        return list;

  •  QueryBuilder qb = new QueryBuilder(), instantiates a new QueryBuilder.
  • The logic build by the QueryBuilder in the example above is;  (starting date = null and ending date = null) or (starting date >= now and ending date >= now) .  [qb.or(new QueryBuilder().put("starting_date").is(null).put("ending_date").is(null).get(),
                    new QueryBuilder().put("starting_date").lessThanEquals(now).put("ending_date").greaterThanEquals(now).get());]
  • document.putAll(qb.get()) adds the logic constructed to the DBObject.


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